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2653 viewsSecond level of the Mars settlement layout.
3064 viewsCommon areas of the Mars settlement concept.
3011 viewsGround-level view of the first permanent Mars settlement.
2481 viewsBuild phase 1 - for 12 people.
2529 viewsBuild Phase 1 & 2 - 24 people total.
3225 viewsStandardized modules.
2888 viewsCross sectional view of the first permanent Mars settlement - showing a rover garage and workrooms. Masonry structures are built into the hill and covered with regolith to provide radiation shielding and pressure counterbalance. Steerable mirrors send natural light down to the large interior spaces of this first Martian home.
2339 viewsMars settlement layout.
2524 viewsCross sectional view showing the tuna-can habs, greenhouses, and some common areas.
2894 viewsCross sectional view showing a greenhouse and some common areas.
2944 viewsCross sectional view of two greenhouse modules.
2949 viewsCross section of one greenhouse module.
2435 viewsSettlement construction - stages 1 through 4.
2399 viewsSettlement construction - stages 5 through 8.
2352 viewsSettlement construction - stages 9 through 10.
2424 viewsSettlement rendering - build phase 1 - for 12 people.
3000 viewsSettlement rendering - build phase 2 - for 24 people.
2672 viewsThe sun sets after another day at the Mars "Hillside Settlement 1", designed by the Mars Foundation 'programming team'.
3249 viewsInterior of common areas.
2698 viewsSide view of the Mars "Hillside Settlement 1", designed by the Mars Foundation 'programming team'.
2780 viewsPower generation, gas plant, refining and manufacturing spaces of the Mars Homestead Settlement. Nuclear reactors provide thermal and electrical energy for the settlement and various industrial processes. Focus is on producing useful products using Martian raw materials such as metals, plastics, ceramics, glass, and bricks.
3503 viewsRendering of the first permanent Mars Settlement. This concept provides a clear vision for early life on the Martian frontier. It is built primarily from local materials, providing early life support and industrial capabilities, and will begin full-scale settlement of the Red Planet.
2467 viewsArial view of the Mars Homestead Settlement. Paths are depicted heading to mining areas, spacecraft landing zones and areas of scientific interest.
2656 viewsSite plan of the first permanent settlement on Mars, built primarily from local Mars materials. The settlement is constructed into a hillside, with structures extending onto the plain. Tuna-can style habitats, similar to those in the NASA Design Reference Mission, provide temporary housing during manufacture and construction of the permanent structures.
2637 viewsFloor plan detail of the first permanent Mars settlement. Parallel greenhouse modules provide growing space for the settlers food supply. Interior public spaces include two story bamboo forest areas providing psychological benefit as well as building material. Private living spaces look out across the Martian plain.
2811 viewsCloser view of the settlement layout.
Side Lit GreenHouse – 3169 viewsA possible passively heated & cooled Greenhouse arrangement is shown. It is designed to use minimal electrical energy for heating and cooling.

Sunlight is concentrated by steerable mirrors at the left side, and focused through side windows. An overhead scaffold holds radiation shielding material (regolith, ice, or any other material). Air ducts and passageways allow warm air convection to other habitat modules to the right, such as workshops, a kitchen, etc. Not shown are curtains which can be closed at night to retain heat when needed, or opened to allow wind cooling, with chimneys for additional convective cooling if needed.

Design by Bruce Mackenzie.
Special thanks to Jan Olsen, a Mars Foundation intern from Norway. Let us know if you would like to help with similar designs.
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